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Title: Paititi. Ensayos y documentos
Title: (Paititi. Essays and documents)Título:
Subject: Mythology of the amerindian native peoples
Author: Isabelle Combès, Vera Tyuleneva
Dimensions: 17x24cm / 6,6x9,4 inches
Pages: 458
Shipping Weight: 2,9 pounds / 0,950 kg
Publisher: Itinerarios 2012
ISBN: 9788560990160
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Isabelle Combès, Vera Tyuleneva (Eds.)

Paititi. Ensayos y documentos
(Paititi. Essays and documents)

Título:Eldorado, Cibola or the Reign of Priest Juan: If these myths continue alive until today and if “the most serious men” as well as all kind of adventurers continue seeking them, this is precisely because they are utopias (u-topias) relocalized incessantly in the most improbable places. As in the case of the Holy Grail, the adventure lies in the searching itself and not in the finding which would put an end to the magic. The Paititi is part of those legends always revived, and as such was alternatively object of the crudest greed and the craziest dreams or relegated to the realm of  fairy tales, and the historians or anthropologists would not dignify themselves to “verify the origin of the rumors and of the memory” gained by this reign. One of the aims of this book is to restore to the fabulous empire its historical dimensions.
Título:The news about the Paititi date from the first century of the Spanish conquest of Peru. They converge in indicating that it is the name of a country or a lake or a river, hidden in some part of the jungle east of Cusco. Species, gold and amber abound in this region whose king, according to some sources, is also called Paititi. The name “Paititi” occurs for the first time in written history in 1542, in the “Record” of the Quipucamayos in Cusco, as “Patite river”. However, before it reached the chronicler’s feather, the word must have made some long journeys from mouth to mouth. The Incas themselves tried to approach this fabulous region – without success, according to ones, and according to others finding there mainly a secure refuge for escaping from the Spanish conquerors. This second version of the Paititi, that allows to dream of the conquest of a new Cusco in the jungle, had a long life and motivated an infinite number of Spanish expeditions for its search, starting from Cusco, Santa Cruz de la Sierra and Cochabamba, or from places as distant as Asunción in Paraguay. With few exceptions, all these expeditions ended, each one in its particular way, in glorious and consummated failures.
Título:Important for us here is that the Spanish adventurers and expedition members did not set out alone in the search of this reign, but went accompanied by indigenous guides, scouts and interpreters who in turn had their own versions about this mythical place. Indigenous news and legends precede the Spanish version of the Paititi in an inextricable mixture of information, myths and interpretations among languages and cultures of the Andes and the plains. In other words, there is an indigenous face of the “News”, and there are historical roots of the myth that we are interested to approach in these pages.
Título:Following the steps of pioneers like Nicolás Armentía, Roberto Levillier or Thierry Saignes, some researches ask themselves today about the multiple facets of the historical Paititi. They do so on archaeological, historical or anthropological grounds, each one from his/her own perspective, each one also with his/her own conclusions. So this book unites several looks on the Paititi, trying to propose for the research on the subject a “state of the question”. It pretends neither to be totalizing nor complete or definite – since five hundred years, the Paititi has been the place of all possibilities and an inexhaustible subject –, but it can indeed offer several angles of interpretation and perspectives.
Título:Following the track from Cusco, Vera Tyuleneva retraces the chronology of the Inca expeditions toward Amazonia. The articles by Gregory Deyermenjian, Jorge Flores and Donato Amado deepen this topic, traveling on the old Inca streets to the Anti Suyu and the contemporary narratives about the subject. Coming from the other side, Isabelle Combès relates the search for the Paititi to the problem of the Guarani migrations to the west. The following three articles have in common their insistence in the Jesuit traces during the colonial search for the Paititi. Mario Polia comments Andrés López’s journey based on a document preserved in Rome; and Laura Laurencich analyses the Paititi utopia as it appears in the Jesuit documents of the Miccinelli Collection conserved in Italy. Albert Meyers and Isabelle Combès follow the steps of the chronicler Diego Felipe de Alcaya and his father, Martín Sánchez de Alcayaga, authors of the strange “Record” about the new Inca reign of the jungle. Concluding the essay part, Isabelle Combès and Vera Tyuleneva reconstruct the “sad history” of the ephemeral Paititi of Larecaja, discussing the question of the ethnical population of the Andean foothills from Apolobamba to Chapare.
Título:What follows is an extensive and rich documental appendix containing some of the main informations on the Paititi, scattered in writings from the 16th and 17th centuries. Some of the records, like the one by Juan Álvarez Maldonado, are well known and of relatively easy access for researchers. Therefore we privileged documents that are less known or even totally inedited up to date and served also as the bases for several of the essays we presented here. For the benefit of a more agile reading, we modernized the documents’ orthography, preserving the original spelling only of the indigenous voices and of the names of persons and places.

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