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Title: Missões, Militância Indigenista e Protagonismo Indígena
Title: (Missions, Indigenist Millitancy and Idigenous Protagonism)
Subject: Texts of the XIII International Symposium on the
Title : Jesuit Missions). Vol. II
Authors: G. Chamorro, Protasio Langer (Eds.)
Dimensions: 16x23cm / 6,6x9,4 inches
Pages: 365
Shipping Weight: 2,9 pounds / 0,950 kg
Publisher: Nhanduti Editora 2012
ISBN: 9788560990153
Check up also:
Fronteiras e Identidades.
Encontros e Desencontros
entre Povos Indígenas
e Missões Religiosas.
XIII Jornadas Internacionais
sobre as Missões Jesuíticas. Vol. I.

Frontiers and Identities
Encounters and Desencounters
between Indigenous Peoples and
Religious Missions
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Graciela Chamorro, Protasio Langer (Eds.)

Missões, Militância Indigenista e Protagonismo Indígena
(Missions, Indigenist Millitancy and Idigenous Protagonism)

Título:Introduction:

Título:This second volume of papers presented at the XIIth International Meeting on Jesuit Missions realized in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from August 30th to September 3rd, 2010, focuses on indigenous and indigenist questions in a more or less contemporary setting. On one hand the book gathered articles on religious missions, religiosity, conversion and evangelization, and on the other texts on education, land, territory and territorialities.
Título:In the First Part, “Reflections on Religious Missions / Indigenous Protagonism”, we start with two articles that show the relevance and complexity of the subject “mission”. In the first chapter, Paulo Suess offers a balance of CIMI that completes in 2012 forty years of pastoral activities. He comments the national political context and the “institutionalized violence” against the indigenous peoples, the theological guidelines that underlie the implantation of CIMI, the persecutions of indigenous persons and indigenists related to this organ, as well as the legitimacy of indigenism evaluated from the perspective of the capacity to promote the recognition and protagonism of the indigenous peoples.
Título:Roberto Zwetsch starts with the outline of the book “Deus na Aldeia” (God in the Indigenous Settlement), edited by Paula Monteiro, to analyze in which moment and to which measure the missionary and indigenist activities hinder or promote the indigenous protagonism. This is defined by the author as “the persistent effort of the indigenous communities, of their leaders and intellectuals, for the guarantee of inalienable rights, to the autonomy of culture, thinking, and belief, and for the right to an differentiated identity”. Zwetsch notes that the epistemological resources that allow a dense and complex analyze of the organization between indigenous peoples and missionaries of the colonial period are appropriated to analyze the relations that are established today between Christian missions and indigenous societies.
Título:In the following section we present the texts that stress indigenous protagonism. Even in the exogenous historical processes that have been or that are being implanted among them, the indigenous peoples are not passive subjects. They appropriate themselves of these projects, parody them, make their critics, resignify the original intentions of the non- indigenous mission agents and are active in the reception of the mission and in the negotiation with these agents. The following chapters approach this aspect.
Título:Based on her studies of the Zamuco speaking groups, Isabelle Combès analyses in the her article how these groups, traditionally considered “untouched” by the Jesuit missions of the Bolivian Chiquitania, were touched by the assimilationist processes of these missions. In this perspective, she suggests to overcome the simplistic and caricaturist vision about today’s Ayoreos of the Bolivian east.
Título:Pablo Antunha Barbosa discusses how the agents working for the Barão de Antonina identified among the Guarani speaking peoples in the south of Mato Grosso, in São Paulo and in Paraná sociopolitical family networks, on whose bases they negotiated the establishment of settlements conforming to Decree nr. 426 (1845) on Catechetical Missions of Indians in the Brazilian Empire.
Título:In his study on the missionary experience of the Salesian Fathers in the Amazonian north-east in the first decades of the 20th century, Mauro Gomes da Costa analyses the affinity between Church and State purposes, as well as the impacts of the Salesian missionary action on the missionized indigenous peoples.
Título:Ana Maria Melo e Souza presents the influence of the Pentecostal discourse on the Kaiowa “way of being”. Starting from a specific community, she verifies how the values propagated by the Church “Deus é Amor” impose on the indigenous families the adoption of new conducts and beliefs, and how the pastor’s leadership confronts itself with that of the shaman.
Título:Carlos Barros Gonçalves speaks about the rising of the “Mission Caiuá”, a protestant project of Christianization and civilization of the Kaiowá people in the former south of Mato Grosso since 1929. He shows how the strategies used were propagated by journals of the Churches consorted in this mission.
Título:The article of Levi Marques Pereira shows that the process of conversion to Pentecostalism has for the Kaiowá and Guarani a reintegrating effect for the social personality by dissolving forms of traditional sociability and inaugurating new networks of social relations in the physical range of the congregation. According to this author, by their conversion, the Kaiowá and Guarani assume the position of transforming agents of their own social system.
Título:In Immaterial Dimensions of the Tava Miri São Miguel in the contemporary Mbyá-Guarani discourse, José Otávio Catafesto de Souza, Mônica Arnt, Carlos Eduardo de Moraes, Daniele Pires and Rita Lewkowicz show confrontations realized by the Mbyá against “civilized” representatives of countries where they live. In this process, the Mbyá break up with the ideology that tries to enclose them in the world of myth and cosmology and enter the field of politics and law.
Título:By means of an interview, Gustavo Gomes dos Santos recovers an oral communication presented at the XIII Jornadas by the Guarani leader Édina Silva de Souza (Kunhá Apyká Rendy’í). The contend comments the relationship between Guarani religiosity and Christian churches within the Indigenous Reservations of Dourados and the indigenous pertaining to both religious matrixes.Título:
Título:
Título:In the Second Part, “Indigenous Protagonism: Education / Land / Reterritorialization”, a first block of texts refers to education, today a kind of non-religious mission, but in the past mainly religious, and in this field emerge also matters of land, frontier, territory, and contemporary struggles for reterritorialization.
Título:Cássio Knapp analyses the experience of training Kaingang bilingual “monitors” in the Indigenous Territory Guarita/RS, implemented by a group of missionary-researchers of the Evangelical Mission Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL), through the “Curso Normal Bilíngue”, realized at the Indigenous School Clara Camarão in 1970. The author studies the bilinguism of transition and/or substitution, adopted as an alphabetization means by the SIL.
Título:Sandro Luckmann, in turn, presents the missionary activities of the IE­CLB in the same Indigenous Territory Guarita/RS in the decades of the sixties and the seventies, through school education, a field of activity that remained in the following decades when the mission among indigenous people came to be organized by the Counsel of Mission among Indigenous (COMIN), created in 1982. The author gives a short presentation of the purposes and theological principles of COMIN’s activities.
Título:Clovis Antonio Brighenti and Graciela Chamorro confront in their articles the proposals of indigenous education and indigenous school education presented by the Guarani of Santa Catarina in 2001, in the Final Document of the “Seminário sobre a education escolar Guarani no sul e sudeste brasileiro”, with the present experiences and challenges of schools in indigenous communities, according to the document of the Guarani Commission Nhemonguetá, submitted to the 1st Conference of Indigenous School Education (CONEEI) in 2009. The author also questions the relationship between school offer and school demand in indigenous territories.
Título:Although geographically and ethnically distant from the previous article, Célia Maria Foster Silvestre and Lauriene Seraguza Olegário e Souza offer an example of the problematic alluded to by the previous author, namely the question of the struggle for their land and the indigenous school education. The article situates the disappearing and death of two indigenous teachers, Rolindo and Genivaldo Vera, in the context of the conflict and violence experienced by the Guarani people of the Indigenous Territory Pirajuí in the town of Paranhos/MS, in the struggle for the retrieval of their traditional territories, their right to language, culture, health, education and alimentary suzerainty. The authors document that the narratives of the involved Guarani show the pain and the struggle of a people that seeks to retrieve the territories where they lived until some decades ago.
Título:Parting from the presupposition that the indigenous societies’ struggle for land is a struggle for alterity, in which the demarcation of traditional indigenous territories is an important, but not the only aspect for the concretization of the constitutionally warranted rights, Juliana Grasiéli Bueno Mota analyses the main news published by the journal O Progresso in 2008 and 2009 about the retaking of indigenous land realized by Guarani and Kaiowa groups and shows how these activities are criminalized by the newspaper. Based on the case of “Panambizinho Indigenous Territory”, she stresses the attacks by the modern capitalist society marked by agribusiness against the indigenous way of relationship with the land.
Título:Aloir Pacini analyses cartographic fragments of the frontier between Brazil and Bolivia, showing the dynamic character of the limits between the two countries and the influences caused by the dividing lines in the self-understanding of the Chiquitana population who formerly was part of the Mission of Chiquitos (1691-1767). In this context, people imagine the indigenous country of Chiquitana as the Gateway to the Enchanted.
Título:Protasio Paulo Langer presents ethnographic and historical indicators for the use of chord instruments played with a fiddlestick among Guarani speaking groups in the south of Mato Grosso do Sul. His data show that in recent past there were indigenous violinists in the settlements of the Dourados and Amambai regions who played instruments made by themselves in ethnic and interethnic events.
Título:Together with Mbyá leader José Cirilo Pires Morinico, José Otávio Ca­tafesto de Souza exemplifies the Mbyá disposition for dialogue with organs, a dialogue that seeks to integrate the recognition of the original rights in their activities. By retaking São Miguel physically and symbolically, the Mbyá groups make the symbol of Jesuit presence in the south of Brazil the place of the Guarani (Mbyá) resurgence, and claim their prior and precedent bond with the remains declared by the UNESCO a Patrimony of Humanity. Their claim is that São Miguel should be registered as a Cultural Reference Place of the Mbyá-Guarani, so that the Brazilian State would officially recognize this link between the material and the immaterial claimed by the Mbyá-Guarani in this place and the whole region.

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